How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

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יום לפני

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Amine gas treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
Reverse Osmosis:
Lithium Hydroxide:
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SmarterEveryDay יום לפני
1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!
Tom Sawyer
Tom Sawyer שעה לפני
Antigravity- Otis Carr, car on hydrogen from water, teleportation, Lagiewka bumper and his Perpetum Mobile. PLANdemic.
digital subliminal messages
digital subliminal messages 2 שעות לפני
S R B Before we make the gates
digital subliminal messages
digital subliminal messages 2 שעות לפני
S R B It was magnetically pulling /micron level magnet/ to the gates / but nitrogen freezing it first
digital subliminal messages
digital subliminal messages 2 שעות לפני
S T O P. R A P E I N G. B A B I E S I was just working on logic gates/ / from the space craft (that had only kilobytes)// //
BigTX 77
BigTX 77 4 שעות לפני
@The Goldey Family - aka the democrats
rcsibiu 30 דקות לפני
that Dow guy needs a least 1000 USD extra on his paycheck!
N Ybarra
N Ybarra 31 דקה לפני
Mark Chisholm
Mark Chisholm 31 דקה לפני
Clinker is commonly used in the north of England to describe the was lumps from a coal fire which look like small bits of that large waste 'clinker.'
Stephen Nelson
Stephen Nelson 32 דקות לפני
Hey could the purpose of the pre heating of the MEA be to keep the temperature of the boiler from dropping to low. This allowing them to separate the MEA and CO2 faster.
Stephen Nelson
Stephen Nelson 31 דקה לפני
I love all your videos you can never learn to much in life I say.
Taha Meron
Taha Meron 32 דקות לפני
That is a lot of gas dumped into the ocean. Doesn't it leave some kind of trail that a potential enemy could follow ? Nice video as always.
JACKTHEREAPER102 33 דקות לפני
a lot of info
Dark Star
Dark Star 35 דקות לפני
‪All war is the genocide of the working class for the profit & pleasure of the rich ‬
raheem cowan
raheem cowan 35 דקות לפני
i have learn so much on your channel , you should be teacher
Daniel Fuenffinger
Daniel Fuenffinger 38 דקות לפני
My understanding was we called them clinkers because they make a clink sound when you drop them in the canister, (my boat didn't have the nice side loading cans) so they would slide in and "clink" same with removing the burned one, you kinda had to bang them out, and that sucks when you're trying to be quiet.
Surya Govind
Surya Govind 39 דקות לפני
You have been posting stuff from a sub for many weeks many days you were actually under for, Justin??!!!this stuff is amazing!
Aerosnapper 40 דקות לפני
There isn't one of your productions I don't enjoy - but this series is outstanding...thank you..
OYXOT TV 40 דקות לפני
Nuclear energy makes the steam engine look like sticks and stones
Kashlor Webb
Kashlor Webb 41 דקה לפני
Super stoked the sub series is back with more! I started to get attached to the crew 🥺 4:56 🤣
Yamibi 42 דקות לפני
Cool video. Love the series :) Thank you.
Jacob Kavich
Jacob Kavich 44 דקות לפני
I’m a senior undergrad chemical engineer and was nerding out at your beautiful animation and explanation. Top tier video as always Destin!!
Benjamin Barksdale
Benjamin Barksdale 44 דקות לפני
Does anybody have any tips on growing subscribers. I'm trying to hit 100 so I can have my own link.
Mike Upton
Mike Upton 44 דקות לפני
"You are the creator of oxygen." That kind of ego boost would turn me into a malevolent God so quickly.
jjef 47 דקות לפני
How does method one sometimes produce enough oxygen but sometimes lack
Austin Wanjohi
Austin Wanjohi 49 דקות לפני
He is one of the few good people from Alabama
sujit T
sujit T 54 דקות לפני
The measuring device(4:50) is called gas chromatograph. It has a capillary collum that separates a mixture of gas into its individual components. Then at the end of the collum, there are different types of sensors depending upon the type of gas and its concentration. These analytical instruments are like a miniaturized automatic laboratory. .Design, installation and commissioning of this kind of measuring instrument was a part of my former job.
Shredxcam22 55 דקות לפני
I'll have to check this series out. I work with a bunch of ex navy nukes from the sub world.
Dan Severns
Dan Severns שעה לפני
About 45 years ago I bought a little SolidOx welding rig to make a metal sculpture. It worked the same way as these candles.
Jp שעה לפני
This is cool and everything but you basically told 1 million people how to cheaply and easily manufacture chlorine gas at home
Jp 58 דקות לפני
I mean I had wondered why chemistry teachers used some acid or NaOH to make water conductive instead of salt but now I know xD
Cooper שעה לפני
It will make a beppy sound
Ruslan Bes
Ruslan Bes שעה לפני
Put a couple Oxygen Diffusers and then later an Electrolyzer and put some slicksters on the bottom to convert CO2 to crude oil. Oh wait nevermind, that's a different game.
internet troll
internet troll שעה לפני
Where do the farts go 🤔
Bloodfrost Gaming
Bloodfrost Gaming שעה לפני
"Science XO, Science!" Must be on a t-shirt.
David Okorie
David Okorie שעה לפני
My sub on gta is better
Tim Collar
Tim Collar שעה לפני
Former a-ganger 1976-82 . Things are slightly different. That's good.
Tom Sawyer
Tom Sawyer שעה לפני
Antigravity- Otis Carr, car on hydrogen from water, teleportation, Lagiewka bumper and his Perpetum Mobile. PLANdemic.
Output Coupler
Output Coupler שעה לפני
Princess Boopersnoot is objectively the correct name for that dog.
Sebosch68 שעה לפני
2:50 makes me feel like playing Fallout, looking on my Pip-Boy haha.
Kodiak שעה לפני
whenever i read Lithium (in this case LiOH) and water in one sentence i get shivers. So lets say, you have a hull breach and Oxygen gets low, you use the LiOH canisters, and if this stuff touches water, wont it immediatly burn all the oxygens and kill everyone? like it happened with Kursk? wasnt that the stuff that killed the remaining Sailors?
JTRulzzz שעה לפני
Considering how little space and costly it is, it’s interesting to know every system on board has a redundancy
Libesh Balakrishnan
Libesh Balakrishnan שעה לפני
Question, can LiOH be rich or lean...??
The Z Family
The Z Family שעה לפני
Hey i think ive seen you before
Poisonous Whisper
Poisonous Whisper שעה לפני
I'm not 100% sure but that "preheater" that the guy talked about is probably a heat exchanger (to not waste much energy while heating and you would then need to cool the air afterwards so..) ;) Best regards Stefan (HTL-Mödling Lower Austria)
Miguel D
Miguel D שעה לפני
Salvation is a completely free gift. Jesus Christ died for our past, present and future sins on the cross, was buried and rose again on the third day and because of this you are saved and not because of anything good you’ve done. Believing is enough.♥️
Erik Rasmussen
Erik Rasmussen שעה לפני
Hey Destin, quick question. It looked as though the candles just pump out oxygen in the room they are burning in. At the start of the video you showed how every compartment has its own atmospheric monitoring. So if the bunk room is low on oxygen and the electrolysis machine is down, how do they disperse the oxygen from the candle to the rooms that need oxygen the most?
Not Zainul
Not Zainul שעה לפני
Not austin evan
Robert Aitchison
Robert Aitchison שעה לפני
Wonder how many of those chlorate candles they store? Sounds like they are going through almost 50 per day at the rater they were saying.
Shobhit שעה לפני
Kclo3 in the presence of mno2
Miky Schuster
Miky Schuster שעה לפני
This was verry interesting. They know their stuff pretty well.
saturnday שעה לפני
What do they do with the extra hydrogen from electrolysis?
ally pally
ally pally שעה לפני
Cause they have no barbers🤣🤣
Jesper Bøllefrø
Jesper Bøllefrø שעה לפני
best video from SED!
Gabriel Marques
Gabriel Marques שעה לפני
28:38 I strive to be as nice as Destin is with everyone I fell like I'm not only getting smarter every day but also kinder. Thank you Destin, for everything
zetO שעה לפני
Mhh? Like on the space station :D ?
The Creator
The Creator שעה לפני
If you don't use an electrolyte can't you still perform electrolysis on pure water it just takes more energy?
Skip6235 שעה לפני
the main takeaway of this video is that you have a 2-level redundancy for both creating O2 and scrubbing CO2, one active and one passive. That way if the active method, which is primary because it is essentially infinite as long as you have power, fails the passive backup can be used, but only for a limited time because it will be used up. Very cool.
Gone שעה לפני
I love that you are still making great content and not getting preachy about nonsense..keep up the great work!
Tom Billingsley
Tom Billingsley שעה לפני
I appreciate what you're doing in general. But, does it ever come up that you might be glorifying oppressive Empire's. Like you might not be so excited to "science" if you were on the other side of those weapons systems based on the country you were born in. You should tour an Iranian sub or a Venezuelan military base just to keep things balanced.
Leri Jacobs
Leri Jacobs שעה לפני
called klinkers in reference to the bad coal at the bottom of a forge, meaning the coal that has used up all its fuel and can no longer burn. edit: words left off after hitting enter by accident.
Werner Beroux
Werner Beroux שעה לפני
OMG my house has a way better air quality sensor and dashboard than US submarine (at least the one shown). This never seemed to evolve since the 1990.
Patrick Jones
Patrick Jones שעה לפני
28:04 "Please Consider SUBscribing" I see what you did there... Now I have to to go back and check the other videos to see if you put this pun in them as well.
Memo - P
Memo - P שעה לפני
Great knowledge bomb!!! Thanx!!!
Luimy שעה לפני
i saw the thumbnail and came here to say that i do run out of air, that's a lie.
Jon S
Jon S שעה לפני
Whats the equivalent size to a candle taken up by compressed oxygen?
Waldemar שעה לפני
Imagine this: every small town has a Small Modular Reactor providing power, the grid is now super hardened against losing large power generators and you can make desalinated water with each one of them...with no emissions or particulate pollution to speak of.
nilamotk שעה לפני
I am a heating refrigeration technician and glad to know that I use the same refrigerant sniffer a nuclear submarine ha
Tim Lockwood
Tim Lockwood שעה לפני
This video is useful for Flint
gekfurian שעה לפני
Or they colud just bring some plants and use the elecricity to light them and the purified water to feed them. Bam, infinite oxygen.
Jon S
Jon S שעה לפני
How do you get yourself into these places? 🤯
Louí Lopèz
Louí Lopèz שעה לפני
You only making Chinese Communist smarter everyday. Why do need to show this up. You don’t see the military making videos, who ever pays more on patreon gets to tell you what 😮 they want to know.
F K שעה לפני
I love their faces when he immediately understands the complex systems they explain
norkator שעה לפני
I feel like SmarterEveryDay is first school I ever went to and enjoy it way too much too!
Jenny B
Jenny B שעה לפני
Would the preheating element in the MEA system be in place to reduce temperature differences and the damage that would be caused by repeated heating and cooling by ensuring a minimum temp before entry into the tank? Also, what would the contingency be for high tension alert situations when increased heart-rate and breathing would increase oxygen consumption? Burn more candles?
ToughAncientSpark שעה לפני
@18:15 And, I would hope that the candle dust residue is cleaned up. And, how exactly? Central vacuum?
Jon S
Jon S שעה לפני
Electrolysis is simple but reverse osmosis is too complicated? You just wanted to go back to the sub footage
white pirate40
white pirate40 שעה לפני
Bruh I love how he reacts lol 4:55
Diesel Tech Tv
Diesel Tech Tv שעה לפני
You should do a deep dive on refineries. I work on a sulfur unit in a refinery and we use a lot of amine units. It's methyldiethanolamine though and we scrub hydrogen sulfide instead of co2. We do absorb some co2, but we move our nozzle up and down the tower to stop co2 absorption and maximize h2s absorption.
DLC ENERGY 2 שעות לפני
Pandemic: **exists** Submarine Crew: "hold my candle"
Santi Vidal
Santi Vidal 2 שעות לפני
Thanks Destin
ToughAncientSpark 2 שעות לפני
So, burning a candle which produces chlorate and phosphorus is not dangerous and breathable?
Solo Legends
Solo Legends 2 שעות לפני
FYI Raycon are cheap made earbuds sold at premium. You can get the exact same thing, from the same factory for about $10-$15. At least they had the truth in their name Ray-CON.
Jorge Katsadoros
Jorge Katsadoros 2 שעות לפני
Well what about H2 how they manage it, through electrolysis? discard it? or using somehow?
Tr1ckySureShot 2 שעות לפני
Hahaha Elon made you look like a fool. "The camera looks the same." Moron.
vinith kumar
vinith kumar 2 שעות לפני
Cant believe the electrolysis is used my 8th grade science fair , i thought people invented new ways for sub marines. 2 things. 1. If you creating pure o2 using electrolysis, we dont breath pure, it need to be mixed with other normal gasses including N2 to be breathable 2. If you do breath pure o2 it will burn your lungs. problem with this electrolysis is we always need pure water.
Zzz Duh_itzaiyanna Zzz
Zzz Duh_itzaiyanna Zzz 2 שעות לפני
That was honestly really interesting I feel 10 times smarter now
Shawn McNeill
Shawn McNeill 2 שעות לפני
I feel smarter today :)
Chris Baldridge
Chris Baldridge 2 שעות לפני
Amine is a nasty smelling chemical and leaves a yellow greasy layer on every surface on the boat. I used to leave my uniforms outside for a week before washing them after each patrol, I threw away my t-shirts and under ware because they turned yellow over the 3 months of each patrol.
Thulasidas Thirumalaisamy
Thulasidas Thirumalaisamy 2 שעות לפני
Hey Destin why can't we use amine gas treating for carbon capture in coal power plants ?
Cabdullaahi Xaashi
Cabdullaahi Xaashi 2 שעות לפני
You lost me west of time
ToughAncientSpark 2 שעות לפני
@5:45 Finally, something Made in the USA!!!
Great MamboChicken
Great MamboChicken 2 שעות לפני
A quick insight on the one part of the amine stripper you said you weren't clear on, and that's the preheating. In my university researcher days, we were designing an amine stripper for bio gas (from dairy cow waste) to make transportation fuel. There's a cool video idea in there somewhere for ya, and feel free to reach out if you're curious about it. The preheating of the amine is done using a heat exchanger as he said. What they're doing is rejecting heat from the hot newly lean amine into the cold rich amine, basically conserving the energy and lowering the heat load needed to boil it. Pretty simple really, he just didn't explain it super well. Typically this is done using a plate heat exchanger, and that appears to be what they're using there as well. So in your animation, between the pump and the tower that pipe would go to a heat exchanger with the pipe on the bottom.
aah a
aah a 2 שעות לפני
Sir you are brilliant, i have no words to say thanks.
Beefheart Vandercrease
Beefheart Vandercrease 2 שעות לפני
One would think there could be a way to remove the carbon from the CO2, because there's a whole O2 molecule being wasted pumping it out to sea, and carbon would be more compact to store and dispose of.
screaming daddy
screaming daddy 2 שעות לפני
Long story short: they have machines to make oxygen
William Lum
William Lum 2 שעות לפני
It's so amazing you are able to get access to such awesome stuff. Must have been alot of work and approvals. Love science.
Dhruve Mital
Dhruve Mital 2 שעות לפני
With Amines in particular, there are 3 major types that are used, MEA I believe performs the best, but then there is always DEA, DGA and MDEA. In refineries, the latter is used more often (perhaps due to costs or something else). From my understanding, preheating helps increase the vapor pressure, which when it goes into the boiler, helps the regeneration process. If I am wrong, please do correct me.
Kale 2 שעות לפני
Me bragging in gta I could do the cayo hiest this people we can destroy a whole got in it
Travis Haines
Travis Haines 2 שעות לפני
This is why i love this channel. I learn things I didn't even know I wanted to learn about.
JayPixx77 2 שעות לפני
Raycon is the same price as JBL free... So no, the prices aren't lower. And putting the earbud into the charging duck to charge then isn't something new or different ;) every manufacturer makes it this way
David B
David B 2 שעות לפני
9:41 He says that the hydrogen gets sent overboard. Does that mean it gets pumped outside the sub? Could you “track” a submarine underwater by following the trail of more concentrated hydrogen? 😳
Jonathan Vogt
Jonathan Vogt 2 שעות לפני
This is such an amazing series :)
Wassup Yo
Wassup Yo 2 שעות לפני
Real life among us
Benjamin Meyers
Benjamin Meyers 2 שעות לפני
What happens if the power goes out like from a emp or something
Netflix Beuteng
Netflix Beuteng 2 שעות לפני
lol 0:55
Auferen 2 שעות לפני
I can't go to Target and this guy just boarded a submarine
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